English settlers first established Hanover, MA in 1649 when a farmer named William Barstow built a bridge along the North River (along what is now Washington Street.) At the time this portion of land was the western section of the sprawling town of Scituate. On June 14, 1727 the parcel of land officially separated from Scituate and was incorporated as the town of Hanover. Days before the town was incorporated King George I, the first Hanoverian King of Great Britain died. It’s likely the town chose its name in honor of the recently deceased king. Like neighboring communities on the South Shore, early Hanover depended on farming, mills, and shipbuilding along the North River for industry as well as tack and shoe factories.